Dr Sonia's ENT

ENT Specialist, Head & Neck Surgeon,Bangalore
Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal

ENT Health Articles

Health articles on ENT ,Head and Neck Diseases, Conditions and General articles by ENT Surgeon,Head and Neck Specialist Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal

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Vocal cord Lesions

Posted on June 23, 2010 at 5:30 AM

Vocal cord Lesions

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

What are Vocal Cord Lesions?

Vocal cord lesions are abnormal masses which have developed within or along the margin of the vocal cords .They affect the voice by altering the vibration of the vocal cords.

What are the common Vocal Cord Lesions?

• Vocal nodules

• Vocal polyps

• Vocal cord cysts

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Cancer Voicebox [Larynx]

Posted on June 23, 2010 at 5:27 AM

Cancer Larynx [voice box]

What are the risk factors for cancer larynx?

• Smoking

• Alcohol Intake

• Acid reflux [Laryngopharyngeal reflux]

• Radiation

• Other: viral [HPV], certain occupational

Are men affected more than women in cancer larynx?

Yes men are affected 4 times more than women though the incidence in women has ...

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Voice Care-Tips to Keep your voice healthy

Posted on June 23, 2010 at 5:24 AM

Voice care-How to Keep Your Voice Healthy

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

 

  • Drink enough water. Moisture is essential to keep your vocal cords well lubricated.
  • Do not shout or scream.These are vocal abusive practices which put a lot of strain on the lining of your vocal cords.
  • Warm up your voice before heavy use such as in singing, teaching a class, preaching, or giving a speech. Warm-ups can...
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Voice

Posted on June 23, 2010 at 5:20 AM

Voice

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

Our voice is produced by the vibration of the vocal cords caused by air passing out through the voice box [larynx] bringing the cords closer together.

 

Proper care and use of your voice improves the likelihood of having a healthy voice for your entire lifetime.

How Do I Know If I Have A Voice Problem?

• Change in quality of voice- voice sounds harsh o...

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Nasal Discharge

Posted on June 23, 2010 at 1:12 AM

What is nasal discharge ?

Nasal Dischrge is secretion coming from the nose.Nasal discharge can come out from the front of the nose or go posteriorly to the back of the nose and trickle down into the throat [ called post nasal drip or post nasal discharge]

Why does nasal discharge occur?

Nasal discharge or secretions coming fromt the nose can occur due to various reasons. The nose and the sinuses have a lining of muc...

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Nose bleeds

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 7:07 PM

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

Experiencing blood coming from one’s nose or seeing it occurring in a loved one can be a scary experience. Though a frightening experience it is a fairly common condition. Our nose is a highly vascular area with a delicate inner lining .Statistically 1 in 7 people may develop a nosebleed at some point in life. Fortunately many nose bleeds are minor and it is prudent to be aware of what to do should you or a loved one experi...

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Age and Hearing loss - Hearing loss in the Elderly

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 6:41 PM

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

Deafness and the Elderly

Hearing loss among the elderly is a widespread problem often compounded by feelings of loneliness, anxiety and depression, and many hearing-impaired persons withdraw from society.

 The first step in overcoming a hearing impairment is learning to accept a handicap and taking steps to overcome it.

A...

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Hearing Aids

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 6:08 PM

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

A hearing aid is a small electronic device that you wear in or behind your ear. It is a device designed to help utilize the auditory system to its fullest. Essentially the function of a hearing aid is to make everything louder. When one loses their hearing, they lose their ability to detect soft sounds. The hearing aid just makes these soft sounds loud enough to be audible. It makes some sounds louder so that a person with hearin...

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Tinnitus

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 6:01 PM

What is tinnitus?

Tinnitus is the perception of sound in ears or head in the absence of external stimuli.

How common is tinnitus?

Tinnitus affects 1/3 rd of all adults at some time in their lives. In the majority it is temporary.

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Ear Wax

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 5:57 PM

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

What is ear wax?

Ear wax or cerumen as it is medically called is produced by small glands in the outer 1/3 rd of the ear canal. The ear wax traps particles and protects the ear.

 

Why does ear wax accumulate?

Ear wax is normally pushed to the outside by normal mechanisms of the body.

Common causes of ear wax accu...

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Ear buds & you

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 5:55 PM

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

Ear Buds and You

Ear buds[ Q tips] are not meant to be used within the ear canal though many people do not know this.

When we use ear buds we push wax deep into the ear canal and it can accumulate.

Chronic ear bud use can affect the normal ear canal lining and produce various symptoms.

Complications of ear bud use:

Ear wax accumulation- Picture shows wax cast removed ...

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Ear Care Tips

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 5:53 PM

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

Ear Care Tips-Tips for Healthy ears

It is so true that we don’t appreciate what we have till we lose it! Taking care of our ears doesn’t require much effort but can be rewarding in the long run. The following are some tips for healthy ears which in turn help maintain well preserved hearing and balance

1. Do not injudic...

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Causes of Hearing loss in Children

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 5:50 PM

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

Causes of Hearing loss in Children

There are many possible causes of hearing loss in children.

Some causes are congenital (present at birth), while others are acquired (cause of hearing loss happens sometime after birth).

Congenital causes of hearing loss include:

  • Genetic/Inherited
  • Malformation of the outer ear, or middle ear or inn...
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Normal Milestones of Hearing & Speech

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 5:47 PM

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

Normal Milestones in Hearing & Speech

0 - 4 months:

Stops movement or quiets in response to speech, or unfamiliar noises.

Startles to loud sounds.

Moves eyes toward sound source.

Rouses from light sleep to sudden loud noises.

Imitates gurgling or cooing sounds and show response to noise making toys.

At 3 months, the child...

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Could your Child be suffering from Hearing loss ?

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 5:41 PM

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

Could your Child be suffering from Hearing loss ?

Clues to see if your baby could be suffering from Hearing loss

Watch the Response To The Environment

Baby (Birth to 6 Months)

  • Does not startle, move, cry, or react in any way to unexpected loud noises
  • Does not awaken to loud noises
  • Does not freely imitate sound
  • Cannot be soothed by voice alone....
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Effectsof Hearing loss in Children

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 5:35 PM

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

The importance of Hearing & the Effects of Hearing loss in children

Hearing loss in children can be present from birth [ congenital ] or develop at any time in later childhood[acquired].

Hearing is critical for:

  • Speech and language development
  • Communication
  • and Learning

How does hearing loss ...

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Is your Baby at risk for Hearing loss ?

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 5:29 PM

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

Is your Baby at Risk for Hearing loss ?

Your baby may be at risk for hearing loss if

During Pregnancy:

  • Mother had German measles[Rubella], viral infection
  • Mother drank alcoholic beverages.

My Newborn baby(Birth to 28 Days of Age):

  • Weighed less than 3.5 pounds at birth.
  • Had a lo...
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Treatment of Hearing loss

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 5:25 PM

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

Treatment of Hearing loss

Treatment of Hearing loss depends on various factors such as

Type of Hearing loss - conductive or sensorineural

Onset of Hearing loss - Sudden, Gradual or progressive

Age of the patient

Degree of Hearing loss - mild,moderate, severe or profound

Cause of Hearing loss

Treatment ranges from

Medication

Wax Removal- th...

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Hearing loss investigation

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 5:20 PM

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

Investigation of Hearing loss

Before Hearing loss is treated the patient has to be evaluated to find out :-

the Type of Hearing loss- whether conductive, sensorineural or mixed

Degree of Hearing loss

Cause of Hearing loss

Clinical Examination includes

Miscroscopic examination

Otoendoscopy

Otoscopy

Tuning Fork Evaluation

Inv...

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Do you have a Hearing Problem?

Posted on June 21, 2010 at 5:18 PM

By Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal, ENT Specialist Bangalore

Do you have a hearing problem?

If your answer to any of the following is yes you need to get yourself evaluated by a qualified ENT doctor

  • Difficulty in hearing and understanding when there is a background noise eg in a noisy envirnment , in a meeting, party, crowded palce etc
  • Trouble following conversations when 2 or more people talk at once
  • Often have dif...
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