Dr Sonia's ENT

ENT Specialist, Head & Neck Surgeon,Bangalore
Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal

ENT Health Articles

Impact of GERD or Acid Reflux or LPR

Posted on January 15, 2011 at 9:45 AM

What is GERD or LPR?

GERD means Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease - Here acid from the stomach refluxes back into the fod pipe[ oesophagus] and produces the common symptom of heartburn which all of us have experienced at one time or the other

LPR means Laryngo-pharyngeal Reflux- Here acid from the stomach refluxes back into the fod pipe[ oesophagus] and even rises upto the throat. The lining of the throat and upper airways is more sensitive to acid than the tougher oesophagus and hence can produce various disease conditions.

Diseases due to Laryngo-pharyngeal Reflux

  • Esophagitis [inflammation of th efood pipe can lead to ulcers and even strictures]
  • Cough- long standing or recalcitrant cough can be due to LPR
  • Asthma-asthma can worsen with LPR
  • Pharyngitis- throat lining can become inflamed due to contact with the stomach acid contents and become a chronic or recurrent throat pain.It can alos give rise to increased throat secretions
  • Laryngeal Inflammation- the voice box lining is especially sensitive to acid contact and can produce swelling , voice change  and LPR has even been implicated in cancer of the Voice box in various scietific studies.
  • Inflammation and infection of the lungs
  • Sinusitis
  • Middle ear afflictions - this can occur due to the eustachain tube that leads from the back of the nasopharynx to the middle ear.This is an important issue in children.
  • Barrett's esophagus- is a precancerous condition of the food pipe[oesophagus]

Categories: Acid Reflux, General, Throat