Dr Sonia's ENT

ENT Specialist, Head & Neck Surgeon,Bangalore
Dr Sonia Suprabha Venugopal

ENT Health Articles

How to Give Medicines to Kids

Posted on January 15, 2011 at 9:45 AM

•DO NOT give adult medicines to kids

•Some medicines are not safe for kids- so DO NOT self medicate kids

•DO NOT guess the dose of medicne to give: in case of over the counter medicines do not guess how much to give- always consult your doctor.

•Know what key ingedients the medicine contains :many combination medicines contain more than one drug and if you are giving 2 or more medicines you may overdose your child-READ LABELS CAREFULLY

•Know your child's weight: doctors often dose your child according to weight

•Know the correct medine strength to use [ mg/milligrams/ml or tablet strength]:The same medicine can come in different strengths for infants[ below 1 year],kids and adults and double strength - be clear on the dose strenght of the medicine so as not to overdose your child

•Use measuring tools accurately:The kitchen spoon is not an accurate dosing tool.Either use the measuring tool provided with the medication or use a medicine dropper or marked medicine spoon available in the market.

•Check the expiry date of any medicine you buy/ have at home

•How to store medicines: some powder medicines which have to be made into liquid need to be stored in the fridge- Follow Storage Instructions on the labels carefully.Avoid storing medicines at high temperature, humid places.

•Store medicines away from children- many medicines are tasty and children may poison themselves.

•Always tightly screw the cap of bottled medicines

•Shake liquid medicines well before giving to children

•DO not tell your children medicines are candy or toffee - this is to prevent accidental ingestion by the child if he or she gets access to them by mistake


•Relation of medicines to food: Follow your doctor's instruction on whether to give the medicine before or after food.

•Infrom your doctor if the child is taking any regular medicines

•Always report if any adverse reaction occurs to any medicines- do not continue to give that particular medicine without consulting your doctor

•Always keep a note of your child's allergies and inform the doctor and nurse about it at all times

•Get to know your child's preferences:nowadays some medicines are available in chewable tablets/ syrups etc

•Follow dose strengths[amount to be given] and dosing frequency[how frequently to give] accurately -this is very important for both symptomatic relief and cure of the condition

•Complete the course of medicines: your child may get better but your doctor may have advised medicines for a particular duration- this is to ensure complete cure of the disease pathology

•Clarify all instructions about SOS medicines - ask your docotr clearly what is the maximum number of times/ amount that can be given to your child

•If your child is not getting better do inform the doctor and get your child re-evaualted

•And above all remember Children are not small adults - they require different types of medicines and different dosings.

Categories: Paediatric ENT, General